Aquaculture can be defined as the farming of aquatic organisms (e.g.; fish, shellfish, crustacea, aquatic plants, etc.) in natural or controlled marine or freshwater environtments. While fish farming was pecticed in China as long as 2000 B.C.  Aquaculture has only recently developed into the fastest growing segment of agriculture in the United States. Over 100 different aquatic species are grown in the United States and there is a growing demand for domestically produced aquaculture products. Catfish production is by far the most important sector of  U.S. aquaculture, valued at around $ 417 million in 1996. Other important aquaculture species grown for food in the United States are salmon, trout, tilapia, shrimp, oyster, and crawfish.

  1. What is aquaculture?
  2. Mention food that comes from aquaculture species!
  3. What country has developed aquaculture?
  4. How many aquatic species has already been grown?
  5. What is the most important sector of aquaculture in United State?

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